Alix.2D + Voyage Linux = a DIY home NAS

This is my 3th attempt to build a DIY home nas.
The first attempt with a Raspberry PI was a disaster: the well-known “USB POWER BUG” makes my NAS (with 2 USB DISK) pretty unstable.
The second attempt with an ALIX board + voyage linux crashes without any reason, but I admit that the initial setup was a mess…

The goal is:

  • An home NAS with 2 external USB: a little one EXT-4 for my mac TimeMachine (using Netatalk) and a bigger one NTFS as a generic storage (using Samba)
  • TrasmissionDaemon with WEB interface, as thin torrent client

Now is up and running. But if it will die again I think that I will buy a QNAP ­čÖé

Install VOYAGE LINUX

Read the Voyage Linux README

Install VIM
# apt-get install vim
Fix sudo
# chown -R root:root /usr/bin/sudo
# chmod u+s /usr/bin/sudo
# chown root:root /usr/lib/sudo/sudoers.so
# chown root:root /etc/sudoers
# chown root:root /etc/sudoers.d/
# chown root:root /etc/sudoers.d/README
# chown root:root /var/lib/sudo

visudo --- add user
Add new user
# useradd -m -s /bin/bash sarbyn
# passwd sarbyn
Install NTFS-3G
# apt-get install ntfs-3g
Fstab and volumes
# mkdir /mnt/TimeMachine
# mkdir /mnt/MUSIC
# chown sarbyn:sarbyn /mnt/MUSIC
# chown sarbyn:sarbyn /mnt/TimeMachine

UUID=206606FF6606D606 /mnt/MUSIC ntfs-3g   rw,defaults     0       0
UUID=03c90579-88f0-4478-ae8d-adc64972a07d /mnt/TimeMachine ext4 defaults 0 0
Enable swap file
# mkswap /mnt/MUSIC/swapfile
# swapon /mnt/MUSIC/swapfile
Samba
# apt-get install samba samba-common-bin
# service samba stop
# mv /var/lib/samba /var/tmp/samba
# ln -s /var/tmp/samba /var/lib/samba
# smbpasswd -a sarbyn
[mnt]
path = /mnt
read only = Yes
guest only = Yes
guest ok = Yes

[mnt_RW]
path = /mnt
read only = No
valid user = sarbyn
browseable = yes
writable = yes

Next add these directories to the file etc/default/voyage-util so it now contains the line:
VOYAGE_SYNC_DIRS=”/var/cache”

SSH
$ mkdir .ssh
$ chmod 0700 .ssh/
$ cd .ssh
$ ls
$ vim authorized_keys
$ chmod 600 authorized_keys

Disable root login and plaintext login in /etc/ssh/sshd_config file

Transmission
# apt-get install transmission-daemon
# service transmission-daemon stop
# cp settings.json /etc/transmission-daemon/
# service transmission-daemon start

Next add transmission directories to the file etc/default/voyage-util so it now contains the line:
VOYAGE_SYNC_DIRS=”/var/cache /var/lib/transmission-daemon”

FIX cracklib config
# apt-get install cracklib-runtime
# create-cracklib-dict /usr/share/dict/*

Before
root@voyage:/var/cache/cracklib# ls -la
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1024 Oct 4 13:28 cracklib_dict.hwm
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 16 Oct 4 13:28 cracklib_dict.pwd
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 16 Oct 4 13:28 cracklib_dict.pwi
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 65 Oct 4 13:17 src-dicts

AFTER
root@voyage:/var/cache/cracklib# ls -la
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1024 Oct 7 22:46 cracklib_dict.hwm
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 412696 Oct 7 22:46 cracklib_dict.pwd
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 22968 Oct 7 22:46 cracklib_dict.pwi
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 65 Oct 4 13:17 src-dicts
# cd /usr/lib/
# root@voyage:/usr/lib# ln -s  /var/cache/cracklib/cracklib_dict.hwm
# root@voyage:/usr/lib# ln -s  /var/cache/cracklib/cracklib_dict.pwd
# root@voyage:/usr/lib# ln -s  /var/cache/cracklib/cracklib_dict.pwi
Netatalk

*DON’T USE NETATALK FROM DEBIAN REPOS*
The older version of netatalk are VERY…VERY unstable. Download the sources from Netatalk site and follow —>┬áthis tutorial┬á<—

# apt-get install build-essential libssl-dev libgcrypt11-dev libkrb5-dev libpam0g-dev libwrap0-dev libdb-dev libmysqlclient-dev libavahi-client-dev libacl1-dev libldap2-dev libcrack2-dev systemtap-sdt-dev libdbus-1-dev libdbus-glib-1-dev libglib2.0-dev tracker libtracker-sparql-0.14-dev libtracker-miner-0.14-dev

Next add /usr/local/var/netatalk to the file etc/default/voyage-util so it now contains the line:
VOYAGE_SYNC_DIRS=”/var/cache /var/lib/transmission-daemon /usr/local/var/netatalk”

# apt-get install avahi-daemon

# insserv avahi-daemon
# insserv netatalk
# /etc/init.d/avahi-daemon start
# /etc/init.d/netatalk start

Edit “/usr/local/etc/afp.conf”.

[Global]
; Global server settings
uam list = uams_dhx.so,uams_dhx2.so
set password = yes

[MusicAFP]
    path = /mnt/MUSIC

[TimeMachineAFP]
    path = /mnt/TimeMachine
    time machine = yes

Add user to Netatalk (using the SHORT password)

# afppasswd -an sarbyn
FIX BOOT

The NTFS volume does not mount at boot, so add some lines on /etc/rc.local

# vim /etc/rc.local

service transmission-daemon stop
mount -a
swapon /mnt/MUSIC/swapfile
service transmission-daemon start

# chmod +x /etc/rc.local
Fix timezone
# ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Europe/Amsterdam /etc/localtime
NOIP client
# wget http://www.no-ip.com/client/linux/noip-duc-linux.tar.gz
# tar xzf noip-duc-linux.tar.gz
# cd no-ip-2.1.9
# make
# make install

Next add /usr/local/etc/ to the file etc/default/voyage-util so it now contains the line:
VOYAGE_SYNC_DIRS=”/var/cache /var/lib/transmission-daemon /usr/local/var/netatalk /usr/local/etc”

PUT APT cache on external disk
# remountrw
# cd /var/cache
# rm apt
# ln -s /mnt/MUSIC/APT_CACHE/ apt
# remountro
Clear APT cache
# apt-get clean
Final step – do a CompactFlash backup

Now is all setted up but it’s better to do a CompatFlash backup using dd

# dd if=DISK of=voyage-backup.img bs=1m
EXTRA – Mount image done with DD
# apt-get install kpartx
# kpartx -a MUSIC/backup_voyage_2014_10_09.iso
# mount /dev/mapper/loop0p1 /mnt/cf -o loop,ro